ISLAMABAD (Dunya News) - Prime Minister Imran Khan during his virtual address to the 76th session of the United Nations General Assembly on Friday again highlighted the violations of human rights committed by Indian forces in the Indian illegally occupied Jammu and Kashmir (IIOJK).
PM Imran also draw the world’s attention to the human rights violations in Indian occupied Kashmir, the imperative to stabilize Afghanistan, the need to combat Islamophobia and counter disinformation, being propagated by India, and to address the economic challenges confronting developing countries.
"Indian actions in Indian illegally occupied Jammu and Kashmir (IIOJK) amount to war crime and crime against humanity," PM Imran said.
The Prime Minister spoke at length about the major global issues including; Afghanistan, gross human rights violations in the Indian Illegally Occupied Jammu and Kashmir, “hate-filled ‘Hindutva’ ideology,” Islamophobia, Climate Change and Corruption.
Prime Minister Imran Khan referring to the decades-old lingering dispute of Kashmir and the reign of terror unleashed against the innocent Kashmiris, said India’s actions in Occupied Jammu and Kashmir amounted to “war crimes” and the “crimes against humanity” and regretted the world’s “selective” approach to protect its corporate interests.
“It is unfortunate, very unfortunate, that the world’s approach to violations of human rights lacks even-handedness, and even is selective,” the prime minister said.
Imran Khan said India was violating the international human rights laws including the 4th Geneva Convention and pointed that “geopolitical considerations and corporate interests” had compelled the major powers to overlook the transgressions of their “affiliated” countries.
“Such double standards are the most glaring in [the] case of India, where this RSS-BJP regime is being allowed to get away with human rights abuses with complete impunity,” he said.
Imran Khan said India had undertaken a series of illegal and unilateral measures in the Occupied Jammu and Kashmir since August 5, 2019.
He mentioned that India had unleashed a reign of terror by an occupation force of 900,000, jailed senior Kashmiri leadership and imposed a clampdown on media and the internet.
He pointed to the abduction of 13,000 young Kashmiris, extra-judicial killing of hundreds of innocent Kashmiris in fake “encounters” and collective punishments by destroying entire neighbourhoods and villages, which he added had become a norm.
The prime minister said Pakistan had unveiled a detailed dossier on gross and systematic violations of human rights by the Indian security forces in Occupied Jammu and Kashmir.
“This repression is accompanied by illegal efforts to change the demographic structure of the occupied territory, and transform it from a Muslim majority into a Muslim minority,” he said.
Indian actions violate the resolutions of the UN Security Council on Jammu and Kashmir.
Khan said the resolutions clearly prescribed that the “final disposition” of the disputed territory should be decided by its people, through a free and impartial plebiscite held under the UN auspices.
The prime minister recalled that the most recent example of Indian barbarity was the forcible snatching of the mortal remains of the great Kashmiri leader Syed Ali Shah Geelani from his family, denying him a proper Islamic funeral and burial.
“Devoid of any legal or moral sanction, this action was even against the basic norms of human decency,” he said.
He called upon this General Assembly to demand that Syed Geelani’s mortal remains be allowed to be buried in the “cemetery of martyrs” with the appropriate Islamic rites.
Imran Khan said the onus remained on India to create a conducive environment for meaningful and result-oriented engagement with Pakistan.
For this, he said, India must “reverse its unilateral and illegal measures instituted since August 5, 2019”.
He asked India to stop its oppression and human rights violations against the people of Kashmir and reverse the demographic changes in the occupied territory.
He drew the attention of the global community towards India’s massive military buildup with nuclear weapons, saying the situation could “erode mutual deterrence” with Pakistan.
“India’s military build-up, development of advanced nuclear weapons, and acquisition of destabilising conventional capabilities can erode mutual deterrence between the two countries,” he said.
The prime minister said it was “essential to prevent another conflict between Pakistan and India”.
He said Pakistan desired peace with India as with all its neighbours, however, stressed that sustainable peace in South Asia was contingent upon resolution of the Jammu and Kashmir dispute, in accordance with the relevant United Nations Security Council resolutions, and the wishes of the Kashmiri people.
He recalled that Pakistan reaffirmed the 2003 ceasefire understanding along the Line of Control with a “hope that it would lead to a rethink of the strategy in New Delhi,
Prime Minister Imran Khan said Pakistan was the only country apart from Afghanistan, that suffered the most from the US War on Terror after 9/11 and dismissed the notion by some that his country had any part to play in the turn of recent events in Afghanistan.
“80,000 Pakistanis died. US 150 billion dollars were lost to our economy. There were 3.5 million [temporarily] internally displaced Pakistanis,” he said.
Prime Minister Imran Khan said the United States went wrong when it tried to force a military solution in Afghanistan.
“And if today, the world needs to know why the Taliban are back in power, all it has to do is to do a deep analysis of why a 300,000 strong well equipped Afghan army – gave up without a fight … and it is not because of Pakistan.”
“Amongst those Mujahideen groups were Al-Qaeda, [and] various groups from all over the world.”
He asked the world body to recall when President Ronald Regan invited the mujahideen to the White House in 1983 and the newspapers reported that he compared them to “the founding fathers of the United States. They were heroes.”
However in 1989, the Soviets left, followed by the Americans, and Afghanistan was abandoned and Pakistan was left to fend with five million Afghan refugees, Imran Khan said.
“We were left with sectarian militant groups which never existed before. But the worse cut of it was, that a year later Pakistan was sanctioned by the US. We felt used.”
The Prime Minister said Pakistan was again needed by the US after 9/11 as the US-led coalition was invading Afghanistan, and it could not happen without Pakistan providing all the logistical support.
Imran Khan said the same Mujahideen that both Pakistan and the United States had trained, with the ideology that fighting foreign occupation was a sacred duty – a holy war or jehad.
“We were called collaborators … They [mujahideen] declared jehad on us.”
He said along entire Pakistan’s semi-autonomous tribal belt bordering Afghanistan – where there had been no Pakistan army since independence, people developed strong sympathies with the Afghan Taliban, not because of their religious ideology but because of Pashtun nationalism, which was very strong.
The situation was exacerbated as there were still three million Afghan refugees in Pakistan all Pashtoons, living in the camps – 500,000 in the biggest camp, and they all had affinity and sympathy with the Afghan Taliban.
He said for the first time Pakistan confronted the grim challenge of militant Taliban as they clashed with the armed forces. While on the other hand the United States conducted 480 drone strikes on Pakistan, which caused more collateral damage than the militants they were targeting; leading to revenge attacks against Pakistan. Between 2004 and 2014, there were 50 different militant groups attacking the State of Pakistan.
“At one point, people – people like us were worried, that will we survive this? There were bombs going all over Pakistan. Our capital was like a fortress.”
“Had it not been for one of the most disciplined armies in the world and one of the best intelligence agencies in the world, I think Pakistan would have gone down.”
Imran Khan said the only reason Pakistan suffered was that it became an ally of the US – of the Coalition – in the war in Afghanistan.
Khan said that everyone who understood Afghanistan and its history knew that there would be no military solution to the Afghanistan issue.
“I went to the US, I spoke to think tanks, I met the then-Senator Biden, Senator John Kerry, Senator Harry Reid — explain[ed] to them that there would not be any military solution, and political settlement was the way forward. No one understood then.”
He said it was time that the international community ponders on the way ahead and said If Afghanistan was neglected, then according to the UN, half the people of Afghanistan were already vulnerable, and by next year almost 90% will plunge below the poverty line.
“There is a huge humanitarian crisis looming ahead. And this will have serious repercussions not just for the neighbours of Afghanistan but everywhere. A destabilized, chaotic Afghanistan will again become a safe haven for international terrorists – the reason why the US came to Afghanistan in the first place,” Imran Khan said.
Therefore, he stressed, the only way to go was to strengthen and stabilize the current government, for the sake of the people of Afghanistan.
He pointed that the four conditions of the US-Taliban dialogue in Doha have been promised by the Taliban; respect for human rights, an inclusive government, no use of their soil for terrorist activity, and amnesty.
“If the world community incentivises them, and encourages them to walk this talk, it will be a win-win situation for everyone.”
He said if it happens then this twenty-year presence of coalition forces in Afghanistan would not be wasted as the Afghan soil would not be used by international terrorists.
Imran Khan appreciated the Secretary-General of the United Nations for taking bold steps and urged him to mobilize the international community, move in this direction.
Prime Minister Imran called for collective efforts to fight the emerging threat of terrorism in the form of Islamophobia and urged a global dialogue to counter its rise while promoting interfaith harmony.
“The UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy has recognized these emerging threats … We hope the Secretary-General’s report will focus on these new threats of terrorism posed by Islamophobes and right-wing extremists,” he said.
“The worst and most pervasive form of Islamophobia now rules India,” Prime Minister Imran Khan said.
He said the hate-filled ‘Hindutva’ ideology, propagated by the fascist RSS-BJP regime, has unleashed a reign of fear and violence against India’s 200 million-strong Muslim community.
“Mob lynching by cow vigilantes; frequent pogroms, such as the one in New Delhi last year; discriminatory citizenship laws to purge India of Muslims; and a campaign to destroy mosques across India and obliterate its Muslim heritage and history, are all part of this criminal enterprise.”
The Prime Minister called on the Secretary-General to convene a global dialogue on countering the rise of Islamophobia.
“Our parallel efforts, at the same time, should be to promote interfaith harmony, and they should continue.”
He described Islamophobia as another “pernicious phenomenon that we all need to collectively combat” and said in the aftermath of the 9/11 terrorist attacks, terrorism has been associated with Islam by some quarters.
He said Islamophobia has increased the tendency of right-wing, xenophobic and violent nationalists, extremists and terrorist groups to target Muslims.
Prime Minister Imran Khan in his wide-ranging address also raised the critical issue of “illicit financial flows” from the developing countries to “haven destinations” and said because of this plunder by corrupt ruling elites, the gap between the rich and the poor countries were increasing at an alarming speed.
“Through this platform, I have been drawing the world’s attention towards the scourge of illicit financial flows from developing countries,” Imran Khan said and mentioned that the Secretary General’s High-Level Panel on Financial Accountability, Transparency and Integrity (FACTI) has calculated that a staggering seven trillion dollars in stolen assets were parked in the financial “haven” destinations.
“This organized theft and illegal transfer of assets have profound consequences for the developing nations,” he pointed and added that the practice “depletes their already meagre resources, accentuates the levels of poverty, especially when laundered money puts pressure on the currency and leads to its devaluation.”
At the current rate, when the FACTI Panel estimates that a trillion-dollar every year were taken out of the developing world, there would be a mass exodus of economic migrants towards the richer nations, he warned.
“What the East India Company did to India, the crooked ruling elites are doing to developing world – plundering the wealth and transferring to western capitals and offshore tax havens,” the Prime Minister said.
He pointed that retrieving stolen assets from developed countries was impossible for poor nations.
The rich countries have no incentives, or compulsion, to return this ill-gotten wealth, and this ill-gotten wealth belongs to the masses of the developing world.
“I foresee, in the not-too-distant future a time will come when the rich countries will be forced to build walls to keep out economic migrants from these poor countries … a few “wealthy islands” in the sea of poverty will also turn into a global calamity, like climate change.”
He said the General Assembly must take steps meaningfully to address this deeply disturbing, and morally repugnant, situation.
“Naming and shaming the ‘haven’ destinations and developing a comprehensive legal framework to halt and reverse the illicit financial flows are most critical actions to stop this grave economic injustice.”
The Prime Minister said, at a minimum, the recommendations of the Secretary General’s FACTI panel should be fully implemented.
Referring to one of the primary existential threats of Climate change that the planet faces today, the Prime Minister said, Pakistan’s contribution to global emissions was negligible.
“Yet we are among the 10 most vulnerable countries to the effects of climate change in the world.”
Being fully aware of global responsibilities, the Prime Minister said Pakistan has embarked upon game-changing environmental programmes. These he pointed include; reforesting Pakistan through 10 billion tree tsunami; preserving natural habitats; switching to renewable energy; removing pollution from cities; and adapting to the impacts of climate change.
The Prime Minister said the world was facing the triple challenge of Covid-19, the accompanying economic crisis, and the threats posed by climate change. The virus, he said, does not discriminate between nations and people. Nor do catastrophes imposed by uncertain weather patterns.
The common threats faced not only expose the fragility of the international system; they also underscore the oneness of humanity.
The Prime Minister who began his address by reciting “إ�