Govt unveils Pakistan Economic Survey 2021-22
Govt unveils Pakistan Economic Survey 2021-22
ISLAMABAD (Dunya News) – Federal Minister for Finance and Revenue, Miftah Ismail Thursday formally launched the pre-budget document, ‘Pakistan Economic Survey 2021-22’.
Among others, the launching ceremony was attended by minister for Planning, Development and Special Initiatives, Federal Minister for Power, Khurram Dastigir, State minister for Finance and Revenue, Aisha Ghaus pasha and other government officials.
The pre-budget document shared the key economic indicators and the performance of different sectors of the economy during the fiscal year 2021-22.
Launching the Economic Survey at a ceremony in Islamabad on Thursday, Finance Minister Miftah Ismail has vowed to lead the country towards responsible, sustainable and inclusive growth. He said the imminent default has been averted due to the difficult decisions taken by the present government. He said the country has now been put on the path of stability.
The Finance Minister said that the growth rate remained 5.97 percent during the current fiscal year but this growth created the problems of Current Account Deficit and Balance of Payment crisis. He said the imports increased by forty three percent during the current fiscal year which will touch 76 to 77 billion dollars.
Miftah Ismail said that the imports also increased by twenty eight percent. Resultantly, he said the trade deficit has reached forty five billion dollars. The minister said that our foreign exchange reserves reduced by 5.6 billion dollars in the month of March and these currently stand at around 9.7 billion dollars. He however expressed the confidence that the foreign exchange reserves will touch 12 billion dollars in the next few days with the provision of 2.4 billion dollars by China.
Miftah Ismail stressed the need for putting the country in the right direction. He said we have to increase the prices of petroleum products the Brent price is hovering around 120 to 123 dollars per barrel.
The minister pointed out that the country would not have been faced with the current price hike had the previous government signed long term agreements for gas import during the period of Covid-19.
He said the PTI left behind landmines not for the present government but the State of Pakistan.
As regards the Foreign Direct Investment, the Finance Minister said these were two billion dollars in 2017-18 and today this has come down to 1.25 billion dollars in the first nine month of current fiscal year. He said Pakistan lags behind in every statistics because of the decision of the incompetent government of PTI.
Miftah Ismail said Pakistan will have to import three million tons of wheat this year to meet domestic requirements.
Economic Survey at a glance
- The agriculture sector recorded a growth of 4.40 percent as compared to the last year’s growth of 3.48 percent. The crops sector posted a growth of 6.58 percent against 5.96 percent of last year.
- The cotton crop increased to 8.3 million bales, rice production increased to 9.3 million tons and sugarcane to 88.7 million. Maize production increased to 10.6 million tons whilst wheat production decreased from 27.5 million tons to 26.4 million tons.
- The livestock posted a growth of 3.26 percent during the current fiscal year as compared to 2.38 percent during the same period last year. The fishing sector grew by 0.35 percent compared to growth of 0.73 percent in the same period last year. The forestry sector posted a positive growth of 6.13 percent against the negative growth of 0.45 percent last year.
- The domestic production of fertilizers during the first nine months of current fiscal year increased by 1.9 percent over the same period last year.
- During the first nine months of current fiscal year, the large scale manufacturing posted growth of 10.4 percent as compared to growth of 4.2 percent same period last year.
- The Mining and Quarrying sector remained negative at 4.47 percent as against the growth of 1.2 percent last year.
- The Fiscal Deficit widened to 3.8 percent of GDP during the first nine months of this fiscal year against 3.0 percent in the previous period. Similarly, the primary balance posted a deficit of Rs 447.2 billion
- Total revenues increased by 17.7 percent against 6.5 percent in the same period of last year.
- During the first ten months of current fiscal year, the FBR has been able to collect 4855.8 billion net tax revenues reflecting a growth of 28.5 percent.
- The private sector credit witnessed an expansion of 1312.9 billion rupees during the first ten months of current fiscal year.
- The Consumer Price Index inflation for the current fiscal year has been recorded at 11.3 percent as against 8.8 percent during the same period last year. The other inflationary indicators like Sensitive Price Indicator recorded at 16.7 percent as against 13.5 percent last year. Wholesale Price Index was recorded at 23.6 percent compared to 8.4 percent same period last year.
- The total public debt was recorded at 44,366 billion rupees at the end of March this year. Domestic debt was recorded at 28,076 billion rupees, whilst external public debt was recorded at 88.8 billion dollars.
- The industrial sector recorded a growth of 7.2% in FY22 compared to 7.8% growth in FY21.
- The services sector grew by 6.19% during the outgoing fiscal year.
- LSM (July-March FY22) posted a growth of 10.4% (4.2% last year).
- Exports (July-May FY22) increased by 27.8% to $ 28.8 billion ($22.6 billion last year).
- Imports (July-May FY22) grew by 44.3% to $72.2 billion ($50 billion last year).
- The trade deficit (July-May FY22) increased to $43.3 billion (a deficit of $27.4 billion last year).
- Remittances (July-April FY22) increased by 7.6% to $26.1 billion ($24.3 billion last year).
- FDI (July-April FY22) decreased by 1.6 % to $1455.6 million ($1480 million last year).
- The current account deficit (Jul-Apr FY22), stood at $13.8 billion ($0.5 billion last year).
Speaking on the occasion, Minister for Planning and Development Ahsan Iqbal said government will make all out efforts to increase development budget of the country.
He said in the next fiscal year Public Sector Development Program will focus on protecting water resources. He said under construction dams will be completed on fast track basis.
The minister said funds for Higher Education Commission will be increased and IT sector will be paid special attention. He said budget for HEC will be increased by 67 percent.
Highlighting government s focus on CPEC projects, Ahsan Iqbal said projects under China Pakistan Economic Corridor will be completed speedily. He said Special Economic Zones under the CPEC will be constructed which were ignored by previous government. He said upgradation of ML-1 is an important project which will also be completed.
He said government will also take steps to improve physical infrastructure of the country.
On the other hand, Minister for Energy Engineer Khurram Dastgir said that PML-N government set up coal power plants as coal price was less than other fuels in 2013. He announced that future energy projects will be established while utilising local fuel.
Khurram Dastgir said boilers of power plants are being replaced to consume local coal from Thar Coal, and hoped that cheap energy will be available after opening of new blocks in the Thar Coal.
To a question, Minister for Planning Ahsan Iqbal said the Prime Minister is ambitious about fast track growth of economy. Replying to a question, Finance Minister Miftah Ismail said that salaries of all employees will be increased in the budget.