History of earthquakes in Pakistan
At least eight persons were killed and more than a hundred people sustained injuries today.
LAHORE (Web Desk) - At least eight persons were killed and more than a hundred people sustained injuries as 5.8 magnitude earthquake rattled Azad Kashmir and other parts of Pakistan on Tuesday 24-09-2019.
Several houses, shops and and buildings collapsed in different parts of Azad Kashmir.
Meteorological Department said that according to its preliminary assessment, the epicentre of the 5.8-magnitude quake was located near the mountainous city of Jehlum in the Punjab province.
"The quake was 10 kilometres deep and was felt in most of Punjab province, some parts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The worst hit was Mirpur, Azad Kashmir," Chief meteorologist Muhammad Riaz told.
Below is a timeline of all the major earthquakes that have struck Pakistan.
On January 31, 2018, a 6.1-magnitude earthquake joltedvarious parts of Pakistan, including Quetta, Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad, Peshawar, Charsadda, Murree, Sargodha, Shangla, Haripur and Gujranwala.
According to the United States Geological Survey, the epicentre of the quake, which was also felt in parts of India and Kashmir, was 35 kilometres south of Jarm in Afghanistan.
A 6.3 magnitude earthquake hit parts of Balochistan, including Gwadar, Makran and Pasni. Residents of the affected areas were woken up and ran out of their houses in fear and shock. However, no damage or casualties were reported.
On April 10, 2016 , a 7.1 magnitude earthquake jolted parts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab, causing fear and panic among residents who vacated buildings for the duration of the almost ‘three-minute-long quake.’
Six people died from landslides, 27 were injured, while at least 20 houses were damaged.
On October 26, 2015 , a strong earthquake measuring 7.7 magnitude struck major cities of Pakistan, including the northern areas. Strong tremors were also felt in Kabul and New Delhi.
The quake, which lasted at least one minute, shook buildings in Islamabad, Kabul and New Delhi, sending people rushing into the streets.
On September 24, 2013, a massive earthquake struck Balochistan killing over 800 people, injuring hundreds and flattening thousands of houses in the southwestern province.
On April 16, 2013 , a strong earthquake measuring 7.9 magnitude hit Quetta, with tremors felt in different parts of Pakistan, Iran, India and some gulf countries. The epicentre of the earthquake lay in the Sarawan area of Iran which lies close to Pak-Iran border. About 34 people were reported killed while 80 were reported to be injured with some 10,000 houses damaged as a result of the quake.
On April 4, 2013, an earthquake struck the Northern Areas of Pakistan including FATA, measuring 5.4 magnitude.
On Feb 17, 2013, a 5.5-magnitude earthquake struck the northern areas of Pakistan, including FATA. The areas where the jolts were felt included Nowshera, Peshawar, Malakand, Shangla, various areas of Gilgit and Baltistan, Lower Dir and Khyber tribal regions.
On Dec 29, 2012, a 5.8-magnitude earthquake struck the Hindu Kush region of Afghanistan and tremors were felt in parts of Pakistan.
On July 18, 2012, a moderate earthquake measuring 5.7 magnitude jolted several parts of the country. Its epicentre was in Koh Hindukush, according to met office. The quake lasted a few seconds, but no casualties were reported.
On July 12, 2012 , an earthquake measuring 6.1 magnitude affected the northern areas of Islamabad, Rawalpindi, KP and Punjab. The epicentre was calculated as being 194 kilometres deep under the Hindukush range, while no losses were reported.
On May 25, 2012 , an earthquake of mild intensity hit Quetta and adjoining areas. No casualties were reported.
On May 12, 2012, a medium magnitude earthquake shook parts of Sorab in Quetta. No casualties were reported.
On January 19, 2012, a medium magnitude earthquake (measuring 4.5 magnitude) lasted for 30 seconds, and affected the areas of Quetta, Ziarat, Khanozai, Pishin, Harnai, Qila Abdullah and Toba Achakzai. The epicentre of the earthquake lay 90 kilometres from Quetta in Achakzai area of Ziarat District. No casualties were reported.
On May 15, 2011 , a Mild shocks of earthquake jolted various parts of Khaber Pakhtunkwa and federal capital. The magnitude of the quake was recorded as 4.7 magnitude and its epicentre was 41 kilometres deep and 64 kilometres north west of Mansehra. No lives were lost.
On April 3, 2011, two simultaneous quakes shook Karachi in seven hours – the first measured 2.8 while the second measured 4.7 magnitude. No casualties were reported as a result of the quake.
On Jan 22, 2011, moderate tremors shook Islamabad and northern areas of Pakistan. The epicentre lay 188km North of Islamabad in Faizabad district.
On Jan 20, 2011, another earthquake measuring 7.4 magnitude shook Quetta with an epicentre located 1.5 kilometres northwest of Kharan district in Balochistan. Over 200 houses were damaged.
On Jan 18, 2011, an earthquake measuring 7.2 magnitude hit areas in Southwest Pakistan, killing several people and damaging 200 buildings in Balochistan. The epicentre of the quake lay 50 kilometre west of Dalbandin.
On October 28, 2010, earthquake jolts were felt in different areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, Azad Kashmir and Islamabad. The earthquake measured 5.3.
On January 18, 2010, an earthquake measuring 7.4 hit Karachi and lasted for about a minute. The quake, whose epicentre lay 55 kilometre west of Dalbandin, did not result in any casualties.
On October 28, 2008, an earthquake measuring 6.4 in magnitude hit Quetta and the surrounding areas, killing a total of 160 people and injuring 370 others in Balochistan. Several houses were also destroyed as a result of the quake. The epicentre of the quake lay 60 kilometre northeast of Quetta.
On October 8, 2005, an earthquake measuring 7.6 struck Kashmir and Northern areas. The earthquake resulted in more than 80,000 fatalities, 200,000 people injured and more than four million people left homeless. The main quake was followed by more than 978 aftershocks until October 27.
On February 14, 2004, two earthquakes – measuring 5.7 and 5.5 respectively – killed 24 people and injured 40 others in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province (then NWFP) and the Northern Areas.
On October 3, 2002, 17 people were killed, and 30 injured, while about 1,500 people were rendered homeless as earthquakes measuring 5.1 on the Richter scale hit the Northern Areas of Pakistan. Tremors lasted about 37 seconds, and caused extensive damage in the region. Nineteen days later, another earthquake measuring 5.5 on the Richter scale hit Astore Valley, killing 23 people. Aftershocks and subsequent landslides hampered relief operations in the Northern Areas.
On January 26, 2001, 15 people were killed, and another 108 injured when an earthquake measuring 6.5 hit the entire Sindh province at about 8.20am. Tremors were felt throughout the province, from Karachi to Kashmore.
On March 20, 1997, an earthquake measuring 4.5 hit the Salarzai village in the Bajaur tribal region, killing ten people.
On February 28, 1997, an earthquake measuring 7.2 hit areas across Pakistan, and lasted for 30 – 90 seconds. The areas affected by the quake were Bolan, Jhal Magsi, Usta Mohammad, Sibi, Bugti and Marri tribal regions, as well as Mithri, whole of the Koh-i-Suleiman range, Chaman, Qila Abdullah, Qila Saifullah, Pishin, Ziarat, Mastung, Kalat, Sorab, Khuzdar in Balochistan. Tremors also felt in Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Multan, Muzaffargarh, Dera Ghazi Khan, Shujabad, leiah, Vehari, Sukkur, Rohri, Ghotki, Daharki, Ubaro, Liaquatpur, Jacobabad, Kandhkot, Dadu, Larkana, Warah, Shahdadkot and Kambar in Punjab and Sindh. Over 100 people were killed in the earthquake.
On May 31, 1995, a moderate earthquake measuring 5.2 hit the areas of Mastung, Mongechar, Dera Murad Jamali, Chatar tehsil of Naseerabad Division in the foothills of Bugti mountains. The epicentre of the quake lay between Shahpur desert and Dera Bugti about 200 kilometres southeast of Quetta. It destroyed a dozen houses and left five people injured, including three children.
On January 16, 1978, an earthquake of moderate intensity hit Peshawar. The epicentre of the quake lay 300 kilometres north of Peshawar in the Hindukush range. No lives were lost in the quake.
On September 20, 1975, Quetta was hit by a severe earthquake but no lives were reportedly lost. The epicentre of the quake lay 7500 kilometres northwest of Quetta.
On January 27, 1975 , an earthquake of moderate intensity hit Murri Bagti with an epicentre which lay 140 miles south of Quetta in Suleman Range. No lives were lost, however.
On December 28, 1974, one of the worst earthquakes hit Pakistan in the area of Pattan. Areas that were affected were Hazara, Hunza, Swat and KP. Measuring 7.4, the quake resulted in 5,300 dead, 17,000 injured, with 4400 houses destroyed.
On June 30, 1974, an earthquake of severe intensity hit the northern areas of Pakistan (Peshawar, Rawalpindi, Multan, etc) and lasted for about 30 seconds. The epicentre of the earthquake was said to lie in the Hindukush mountains in Afghanistan. About four children were killed as a result, with damage to other buildings.
On May 18, 1974, tremors of moderate intensity hit Abbotabad. No loss of life was reported.
On May 13, 1973, a mild intensity tremors were felt In Rawalpindi and Islamabad. No loss of life or property was reported.
On May 6, 1972, severe intensity tremors were felt in Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Abbotabad and adjoining areas which lasted for several seconds. Though people fled the buildings in fear, no losses were reported.
On January 1, 1972, an earthquake of mild intensity hit Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Abbotabad, Lahore and adjoining areas for about 18 seconds. No loss of life or property was reported after. However, the same day saw a moderate earthquake shake Sialkot, which lasted for about 50 seconds, causing cracks on buildings. No lives were lost.
On December 28, 1971, an earthquake of severe intensity was reported in Peshawar and Rawalpindi. However, no loss of lives or property were immediately reported.
On October 2, 1971, Abbotabad and some parts of Hazara were recipient of five moderate tremors. No loss of life was reported.
On October 1, 1971, tremors of moderate intensity were felt in Rawalpindi which lasted about 15 seconds. The epicentre of the tremors lay in Tarbela district. No loss of life was reported.
On September 10, 1971, a powerful earthquake hit the region of Gilgit, killing over 100 people and destroying more than 1,000 houses.
On September 4, 1971, Abbotabad was jolted six times by moderate tremors, which caused cracks in the buildings. No loss of life was reported. The epicentre of the quake lay 500 miles north-east of Quetta near Swat.
On September 3, 1971, about seven tremors of moderate intensity were felt at intervals of 20s for a total of two minutes in Rawalpindi. No casualties were reported.